Bibliography on Religious and Spiritual Experiences

This bibliography contains important representatives from most aspects of the entire field of the academic study of religious and spiritual experiences. It is far from complete, as a result, and slightly uneven. But it is extremely useful nonetheless. The original source of the bibliography can be found here.

Al-Ghazālī. 1999. The Deliverance from Error. Annotated trans. by Rich Joseph McCarthy. Louisville: Fons Vitae.

Alper, Matthew. 2001. The God Part of the Brain. Rogue Press.

Alston, William P. 1993. Perceiving God: The Epistemology of Religious Experience. Cornell University Press.

Ames, Edward Scribner. 1910. The Psychology of Religious Experience. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Andresen, Jensine; Forman, Robert K. C. (eds). 2000. Cognitive Models and Spiritual Maps. Journal of Consciousness Studies 7/10-11 (Nov-Dec 2000). Imprint Academic.

Andresen, Jensine (ed.). 2001. Religion in Mind: Cognitive Perspectives on Religious Belief, Ritual, and Experience. Cambridge University Press.

Ashbrook, James B. 1984. The Human Mind and the Mind of God: Theological Promise in Brain Research. Lanham: University Press of America.

Ashbrook, James B.; Albright, Carol Rausch. 1997. The Humanizing Brain: Where Religion and Neuroscience Meet. Cleveland: Pilgrim Press.

Atran, Scott. 2002. In Gods We Trust: The Evolutionary Landscape of Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Augustine. Confessions. Book 7. Trans. Henry Chadwick. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Austin, James H. 1998. Zen and the Brain: Toward an Understanding of Meditation and Consciousness. MIT.

Azari, Nina P.; Nickel, J.; Wunderlich, G.; Niedeggen, M.; Hefter, H.; Tellmann, L.; et al. 2001. “Neural correlates of religious experience,” European Journal of Neuroscience 13/8: 1649-1652.

Baetz, M.; Larson, D. B.; Marcoux, G.; Bowen, R.; & Griffin, R. 2002. “Canadian psychiatric inpatient religious commitment: An association with mental health.” Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 47/2: 159-166.

Bagger, Matthew C. 1999. Religious Experience, Justification, and History. Cambridge University Press.

Bailey, Lee Worth; Yates, Jenny (eds.) 1996. The Near-Death Experience: A Reader. Routledge.

Barrett, Nathaniel; Wildman, Wesley J. (forthcoming). “Seeing is Believing?”

Batson, C. Daniel; Ventis, W. Larry; Schoenrade, Patricia A., (eds.). 1993. Religion and the Individual: A Social-Psychological Perspective. 2nd ed. Oxford University Press.

Beauregard, Mario; O’Leary, Denyse. 2007. The Spiritual Brain: A Neuroscientist’s Case for the Existence of the Soul. San Francisco: HarperOne.

Beit-Hallahmi, Benjamin; Argyle, Michael. 1997. The Psychology of Religious Behaviour, Belief and Experience. New York: Routledge.

Berger, Peter L. 1967. The Sacred Canopy: Elements of a Sociological Theory of Religion. Garden City: Doubleday.

Berger, Peter L. 1979. The Heretical Imperative: Contemporary Possibilities of Religious Affirmation. Anchor Press.

Bloch, Maurice. 1992. Prey Into Hunter: The Politics of Religious Experience. The Lewis Henry Morgan Lectures. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.

Bonaventure. 1988. The Mind’s Road to God. In Cousins, Bonaventure.

Booth, J. N.; Koren, S. A.; Persinger, M.A. 2005. “Increased feelings of the sensed presence and increased geomagnetic activity at the time of the experience during exposures to transcerebral weak complex magnetic fields.” International Journal of Neuroscience 115/7: 1053-1079.

Boyer, Pascal. 2001. Religion Explained: The Evolutionary Origins of Religious Thought. New York: Basic Books.

Brinton, Howard H. 1996. Quaker Journals: Varieties of Religious Experience among Friends, 3rd ed. Wallingford, PA: Pendle Hill Publications.

Brown, Warren; Caetano, Carla. 1992. “Conversion, cognition, and neuropsychology.” In H. N. Maloney and S. Southard (eds.), Handbook of Religious Conversion. Birmingham, AL: Religious Education Press.

Bucke, Richard Maurice, M.D. 1969 (1901). Cosmic Consciousness. E. P. Dutton and Company.

Byrne, Peter 2000. “Perceiving God and Realism.” Philo 3/2: 74-88.

Callahan, Sidney. 2003. Women Who Hear Voices: The Challenge of Religious Experience. New York: Paulist Press.

Cardeña, Etzel; Lynn, Steven Jay; Krippner, Stanley (eds.). 2000. Varieties of Anomalous Experience: Examining the Scientific Evidence. American Psychological Association.

Chopra, Deepak. 2000.How To Know God. New York: Harmony Books.

Cousins, Ewart. 1988. Bonaventure: The Soul’s Journey into God, the Tree of Life, the Life of St. Francis. Paulist.

Currie, R.; Klug, L. F.; McCombs, C. R. 1982. “Intimacy and saliency: Dimensions for ordering religious experiences.” Review of Religious Research 24/1: 19-32.

d’Aquili, Eugene; Newberg, Andrew B. 1993. “Religious and mystical states: A neuropsychological model,” Zygon 28/2: 177-200.

d’Aquili, Eugene; Newberg, Andrew B. 1998. “The Neuropsychological Basis of Religions, or Why God Won’t Go Away,” Zygon 33/2: 190-191.

d’Aquili, Eugene; Newberg, Andrew B. 1999. The Mystical Mind: Probing the Biology of Religious Experience. Minneapolis: Fortress Press.

Dawkins, Richard. 2006. The God Delusion. London, UK: Houghton Mifflin.

Deikman, Arthur J. 1963. “Experimental Meditation.” Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 136: 329-343.

Deikman, Arthur J. 1966. “De-automatization and the Mystic Experience.” Psychiatry 29: 324-338.

Dennett, Daniel C. 2006. Breaking the Spell: Religion as a Natural Phenomenon. New York, NY: Penguin.

Dewhurst, K.; Beard, A. W. 1970. “Sudden religious conversions in temporal lobe epilepsy.” British Journal of Psychiatry 117: 497-507.

Donovan, P. 1979. Interpreting Religious Experience. New York: Seabury Press.

Durkheim, Émile. 1915. The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life. George Allen & Unwin.

Eliade, Mircea. 1959. The Sacred and the Profane: The Nature of Religion, trans. Willard R. Trask. New York: Harcourt & Brace.

Feierman, Jay (ed.). 2009. The Biology of Religious Behavior: The Evolutionary Origins of Faith and Religion. Westport, CT: Praeger Press.

Feuerstein,Georg (ed. and trans.). 1989. The Yoga-sutra of Patanjali: A New Translation and Commentary. Rochester, VT: Inner Traditions International.

Fiddes, Paul S. 1999. Freedom and Limit: A Dialogue between Literature and Christian Doctrine. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press.

Finney, John. 1992. Finding Faith Today: How Does It Happen? Stonehill Green: British and Foreign Bible Society.

Fischer, Roland. 1971. “A Cartography of Understanding Mysticism.” Science 174 (Nov. 26): 897-904.

Ford, David F. 1999. Theology: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Forman, Robert K. C. (ed.). 1990. The Problem of Pure Consciousness: Mysticism and Philosophy. Oxford University Press.

Forman, Robert K. C. 1999. Mysticism, Mind, Consciousness. State University of New York Press.

Fowler, James. 1981. Stages of Faith: The Psychology of Human Development and the Quest for Meaning. San Francisco: Harper and Row.

Frazer, James George 1900. The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion. 2nd ed. London: Macmillan.

Freud, Sigmund. 1920. Beyond the Pleasure Principle. Authorized English translation from the 2nd German ed. by C.J.M. Hubback, 1922. London: The Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psycho-Analysis.

Freud, Sigmund. 1927. The Future of an Illusion. Translated by W.D. Robson-Scott, 1928. New York: H. Liveright and the Institute of Psycho-Analysis.

Freud, Sigmund. 1930. Civilization and Its Discontents. Authorized English translation by Joan Riviere. New York: J. Cape & H. Smith.

Freud, Sigmund. 1939. Moses and Monotheism. Translated by Katherine Jones. London: The Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psycho-Analysis.

Fromm, Erich. 1950. Psychoanalysis and Religion. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Gale, Richard M. 1994a. “Swinburne’s argument from religious experience.” In Alan G. Padgett (ed.), Reason and the Christian Religion (39-63). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gale, Richard M. 1994b. “Why Alston’s mystical doxastic practice is subjective.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54/4: 869-883.

Gellman, Jerome I. 1997. Experience of God and the Rationality of Theistic Belief. Ithaca, London: Cornell University Press.

George, L. 1995. Alternative Realities: The Paranormal, the Mystic, and the Transcendent in Human Experience. New York: Facts on File. (REF 133.03 GEO)

Gilkes, Cheryl Townsend. 2000. Maryknoll. Orbis Books.

Gilovich, Thomas. 1991. How We Know What Isn’t So: The Fallibility of Human Reason in Everyday Life. New York: The Free Press.

Giovannoli, Joseph. 2001. The Biology of Belief: How Our Biology Biases Our Beliefs and Perceptions. Rosetta.

Granqvist, Pehr; Fredrikson, M.; Unge, P.; Hagenfeldt, A.; Valind, S.; Larhammar, D.; et al. 2005. “Sensed presence and mystical experiences are predicted by suggestibility, not by the application of transcranial weak complex magnetic fields.” Neuroscience Letter 379/1: 1-6

Granqvist, Pehr. 2005. “Reply to – A response to Granqvist et al. “Sensed presence and mystical experiences are predicted by suggestibility, not by the application of transcranial weak magnetic fields”’.” Neuroscience Letter 380/3: 348-350.

Greeley, Andrew. 1987. “Hallucinations among the Widowed.” Sociology and Social Research 71/4 (July): 258-265.

Greeley, Andrew M. 1975. The Sociology of the Paranormal. Sage Publications.

Griffin, David Ray. 1997. Parapsychology, Philosophy, and Spirituality: A Postmodern Exploration. Albany: State University of New York.

Griffith-Dickson, Gwen. 2000. Human and Divine: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religious Experience. London: Duckworth.

Hamer, Dean. 2004. The God Gene: How Faith is Hardwired into Our Genes. New York, NY: Doubleday.

Hanh, Thich Nhat. 1999. Going Home: Jesus and Buddha as Brothers. New York: Riverhead Books.

Hansen, Ron. 1991. Mariette in Ecstasy. New York: Harpercollins.

Hardwick, Charley. 1996. Events of Grace: Naturalism, Existentialism, and Theology. Cambridge and London: Harvard University Press.

Hardy, Sir Alistair C. 1979. The Spiritual Nature of Man: A Study of Contemporary Religious Experience. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Häring, Hermann; Metz, Johann Baptist; (eds.). 1995. The Many Faces of the Divine. London: SCM Press; Maryknoll: Orbis Books.

Harris, Sam. 2006. Letters to a Christian Nation. New York, NY: Knopf.

Harrison, Ted. 1994. Stigmata: A Medieval Mystery in a Modern Age. New York: Penguin Books.

Haynes, Renée. 1982. The Society for Psychical Research: 1892-1982, A History. London: Macdonald & Co.

Hefner, Philip. 1993. The Human Factor: Evolution, Culture, and Religion. Fortress Press.

Hesse, Hermann. 1982. Siddhartha. Bantam. Reprint ed.

Hitchens, C. 2007. God is not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything. New York, NY: Twelve Books.

Holmes, H. Rodney. 1993. “Thinking about Religion and Experiencing the Brain: Eugene d’Aquili’s Biogenetic Structural Theory of Absolute Unitary Being.” Zygon 28/2.

Hood, Ralph W., Jr. 1970. “Religious Orientation and the Report of Religious Experience.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 9: 284-291.

Hood, Ralph W., Jr. 1975. “The Construction and Preliminary Validation of a Measure of Reported Mystical Experience.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 14: 29-41.

Hood, Ralph W. (ed.). 1995. A Handbook of Religious Experience. Religious Education Press.

Hook, Sidney. 1961. Religious Experience and Truth: A Symposium. New York: New York University Press.

Hunt, Harry T. 1984. “A Cognitive Psychology of Mystical and Altered-State Experience.” Perceptual and Motor Skills 58: 467-513.

Hunt, Harry T. 1985. “Relations between the Phenomena of Religious Mysticism (Altered States of Consciousness) and the Psychology of Thought: A Cognitive Psychology of States of Consciousness and the Necessity of Subjective States for Cognitive Theory.” Perceptual and Motor Skills 61: 911-961.

Huxley, Aldous. 1945. The Perennial Philosophy. New York: Harper & Brothers.

Iannaccone, L. 1998. “Introduction to the economics of religion.” Journal of Economic Literature 36: 1465-1496.

Irons, William. 1996. “Morality, religion, and human nature.” In W. Mark Richardson and Wesley J. Wildman (eds.), Religion and Science: History, Method, and Dialogue (375-399). New York: Rutledge.

Irons, William. 2001. “Religion as a hard-to-fake sign of commitment.” In R. Neese (ed.), Evolution and the Capacity for Commitment (292-309). New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

James, William. 1902. Varieties of Religious Experience. Longmans, Green & Co.

Jaynes, Julian. 1976. The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Johnson, Clifton H. (ed.). 1969. God Struck Me Dead. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: United Church Press.

Kapstein, Matthew T. (ed.). 2004. The Presence of Light: Divine Radiance and Religious Experience. Chicago, London: Chicago University Press.

Kason, Y. 1997. A Farther Shore: How Near-Death and Other Extraordinary Experiences can Change Ordinary Lives, 2nd ed. New York, NY: HarperCollins.

Katz, Steven T. 1978. “Language, Epistemology and Mysticism.” In Steven T. Katz, ed., Mysticism and Philosophical Analysis (22-74).

Katz, Steven T. (ed.). 1978. Mysticism and Philosophical Analysis. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Katz, Steven T. 1983. “The – Conservative’ Character of Mysticism.” In Steven T. Katz, ed., Mysticism and Religious Traditions (3-60).

Katz, Steven T. (ed.). 1983. Mysticism and Religious Traditions. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Katz, Steven T. 1992. “Mystical Speech and Mystical Meaning.” In Steven T. Katz, ed., Mysticism and Language (3-41).

Katz, Steven T. (ed.). 1992. Mysticism and Language. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Katz, Steven T. 2000. “Mysticism and the Interpretation of Sacred Scripture.” In Steven T. Katz, ed., Mysticism and Sacred Scripture (7-67).

Katz, Steven T. (ed.). 2000. Mysticism and Sacred Scripture. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kazantzakis, Nikos. 1962. God’s Pauper: Saint Francis of Assisi. Bruno Cassirer.

Kildahl, John P. 1972. The Psychology of Speaking in Tongues. New York: Harper & Row.

Kierkegaard, Søren. 1983. Fear and Trembling; Repetition. Ed. and tr. with introduction and notes by Howard V. Hong and Edna H. Hong from the 1st Danish ed. of 1843. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Krishna, Gopi. 1971. The Biological Basis of Religion and Genius. New York: Harper & Row.

Kristeller, Jean. 2004. “Meditation: Multiple Effects, A Unitary Process?” In Blows et al. (eds.), The Relevance of the Wisdom Traditions in Contemporary Society: The Challenge to Psychology (21-37). Delft, The Netherlands: Eburon Publishers.

Kristeller, Jean. 2007. “Mindfulness Meditation.” In P. Lehrer, R. L. Woolfolk, and W. E. Sime, Principles and Practice of Stress Management, 3rd ed. (393-427). New York: Guilford Press.

Kukla, Andre 1983. “Toward a Science of Experience.” Journal of Mind and Behavior 4: 231-246.

Laozi. Dao de jing (The Classic of the Way and Its Virtue). 1961. Trans. by John C. H. Wu. Ed. by Paul K. T. Sih. New York: St. John’s University Press.

Leary, Timothy. 1970. Jail Notes. New York: Douglas Book Corporation.

MacDonald, William L., “Idionecrophanies: The Social Construction of Perceived Contact with the Dead.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 32 (2), 1992.

Maslow, Abraham H. 1964. Religions, Values and Peak Experiences. Ohio State University Press.

Maslow, Abraham H. 1968. Toward a Psychology of Being. Van Nostrand Reinshold.

Maslow, Abraham H. 1971. The Farther Reaches of Human Nature. New York, NY: Viking Press.

Masson, J. M. 1980. The Oceanic Feeling: The Origins of Religious Sentiment in Ancient India. Dordrecht: D. Reidel.

Maxwell, Meg; Tschudin, Verena (eds.). 1990. Seeing the Invisible: Modern Religious and Other Transcendent Experiences. London: Penguin.

McKinney, Laurence O. 1994. Neurotheology: Virtual Religion in the 21st Century. Cambridge, MA: American Institute for Mindfulness.

McNamara, Patrick. 2002. “The motivational origins of religious practices.” Zygon 37/1: 143-160.

McNamara, Patrick (ed.). 2006a. Where God and Science Meet, vol. 1: Evolution, Genes, and the Religious Brain. Westport, CT: Praeger Press.

McNamara, Patrick (ed.). 2006b. Where God and Science Meet, vol. 2: The Neurology of Religious Experience. Westport, CT: Praeger Press.

McNamara, Patrick (ed.). 2006c. Where God and Science Meet, vol. 3: The Psychology of Religious Experience. Westport, CT: Praeger Press.

Meissner, William W. 1984. Psychoanalysis and Religious Experience. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Merton, Thomas. 1948. The Seven Storey Mountain. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company.

Merton, Thomas. 1995. Thoughts on the East. New York: New Directions Books.

Mills, Watson E. 1986. A Guide to Research on Glossolalia. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans.

Moacanin, Radmila. 1986. Jung’s Psychology and Tibetan Buddhism: Western and Eastern Paths to the Heart. London: Wisdom Publications.

Moehle, D. 1983. “Cognitive dimensions of religious experiences.” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 19/2: 122-145.

Murphy, M. 1992. The Future of the Body: Explorations into the Further Evolution of Human Nature. New York: Putnam.

Neumann, Erich. 1968. “Mystical Man.” In Joseph Campbell (ed.), The Mystic Vision (375-415). Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Newberg, Andrew B.; Alavi, A.; Baime, M.; Mozley, P. D.; d’Aquilli, E. 1997. “The measurement of cerebral blood flow during the complex cognitive task of meditation using HMPAO-SPECT imaging.” Journal of Nuclear Medicine 38: 95.

Newberg, Andrew B.; Alavi, A.; Baime, M.; Pourdehnad, M.; Santanna, J.; d’Aquilli, E. 2001. “The measurement of regional cerebral blood flow during the complex cognitive task of meditation: A preliminary SPECT study.” Psychiatry Research 106(2): 113-122.

Newberg, Andrew; d’Aquili, Eugene. 2001. Why God Won’t Go Away: Brain Science & the Biology of Belief. Ballantine Books.

Newberg, Andrew B.; Iversen, J. 2003. “The neural basis of the complex mental task of meditation: neurotransmitter and neurochemical considerations.” Medical Hypotheses 61/2: 282-291.

Newberg, Andrew B.; Wintering, Nancy A.; Morgan, Donna; Waldman, Mark R. 2006. “The Measurement of Regional Cerebral Blood Flow during Glossolalia; A Preliminary SPECT Study.” Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging 148/1 (Nov 22): 67-71.

Otto, Rudolf. 1917. The Idea of the Holy: An Inquiry into the Non-Rational Factor in the Idea of the Divine and its Relation to the Rational, 3rd English ed., 1925. Translated by John W. Harvey from the 9th German ed. London and New York: Oxford University Press.

Pahnke, Walter N. 1966. “Drugs and Mysticism.” International Journal of Parapsychology 8: 295-314.

Pearson, R. S. 2005. The Experience of Hallucinations in Religious Experience. Seattle; Telical Books.

Pekala, Ronald J. 1991. Quantifying Consciousness: An Empirical Approach. New York and London: Plenum Press.

Percy, Walker. 1980. The Second Coming. New York: Farrar, Straus, Giroux.

Persinger, Michael A. 1983. “Religious and Mystical Experiences as Artifacts of Temporal Lobe Function: A General Hypothesis.” Perceptual and Motor Skills 57: 1255-1262.

Persinger, Michael A. 1987. Neuropsychological Bases of God Beliefs. New York: Praeger Press.

Persinger, Michael A. 1994a. “Striking EEG Profiles from Single Episodes of Glossolalia and Transcendental Meditation.” Perceptual and Motor Skills 58: 127-133.

Persinger, Michael A. 1994b. “People who report religious experiences may also display enhanced temporal-lobe signs,” Perceptual and Motor Skills 58: 963-975.

Persinger, Michael A. 1994c. “Propensity to Report Paranormal Experiences is Correlated with Temporal Lobe Signs.” Perceptual and Motor Skills 59: 583-586.

Persinger, Michael A.; Healey, F. 2002. “Experimental Facilitation of the Sensed Presence: Possible Intercalation between the Hemispheres Induced by Complex Magnetic Fields.” Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease 190(8), 533-541.

Persinger, Michael A.; Koren, S.A. 2005. “A Response to Granqvist et al. – Sensed presence and mystical experiences are predicted by suggestibility, not by the application of transcranial weak magnetic fields’.” Neuroscience Letters 380/3: 346-347.

Petroff, Elizabeth. 1994. Body and Soul: Essays on Medieval Women and Mysticism. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Porush, David. 1993. “Finding God in the Three-Pound Universe: The Neuroscience of Transcendence.” Omni 16/1.

Proudfoot, Wayne. 1985. Religious Experience. University of California Press.

Pyysiäinen, Ilkka 2001. How Religion Works: Towards a New Cognitive Science of Religion. Boston: Brill.

Quinn, Philip L.; Meeker, Kevin; (eds.). 2000. The Philosophical Challenge of Religious Diversity. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ramachandran, Vilayanur S.; Hirstein, W. S.; Armel, K. C.; Tecoma, E.; Iragul, V. 1997. “The neural basis of religious experience.” Paper presented at the 27th Annual Meeting, Society for Neuroscience, New Orleans, LA, October 25-30, 1997.

Ramachandran, Vilayanur S.; Blakeslee, Sandra. 1998. Phantoms in the Brain: Probing the Mysteries of the Human Mind. New York: William Morrow.

Randi. 1982. Flim-Flam: Psychics, ESP, Unicorns, and other Delusions. Amherst: Prometheus Books.

Rappaport, R. A. 1979. Ecology, Meaning and Religion. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books.

Revonsuo, Antti. 2006. Inner Presence: Consciousness as a Biological Phenomenon. Cambridge: The MIT Press.

Rilke, Marie Rainer. 1955. The Book of Hours.

Rizzuto, Ana-Maria. 1979. The Birth of the Living God: A Psychoanalytic Study. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Rumi (Jalāl al-Dīn Rūmī). 2007. Love Mad: Poems of Rumi. Translated from the Persian by Kambiz Homayounfar. Leicester: Matador.

Runehov, Anne L. C. 2007. Sacred and Neural? The Potential of Neuroscience to Explain Religious Experiences. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Russell, Robert John; Murphy, Nancey; Meyering, Theo C.; Arbib, Michael (eds.). 2000. Neuroscience and the Person. CTNS and Vatican Observatory.

Sagan, Carl. 1996. The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark. New York: Random House.

Salzman, Mark. 2003. Lying Awake. New ed. Bloomsbury. (1st ed. Knopf, 2000).

Samarin, William J. 1972. Tongues of Men and Angels: The Religious Language of Pentecostalism. New York: The Macmillan Company, New York.

Schachter, S.; Singer, J. E. 1962. “Cognitive, Social, and Psychological Determinants of Emotional States.” Psychological Review 69: 379-399.

Schaeffer, Annette. 2007. “Inside the Terrorist Mind.” Scientific American Mind (Dec 2007-Jan 2008): 72-79.

Schleiermacher, Friedrich D. E. 1893. On Religion: Speeches to its Cultured Despisers. Original work published in 1799. London: K. Paul, Trench, Trübner.

Schleiermacher, Friedrich D. E. 1928. The Christian Faith. English translation of the second German ed. of 1830-1831 by H.R. Mackintosh and J.S. Stewart. First German ed. published in 1820-1821. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark.

Schuon, Fritjof. 1953. The Transcendent Unity of Religions, 1st English ed. translated from De L’unité Transcendante des Religions (1948) by Peter Townsend. New York: Pantheon.

Schwarz, Berthold E. 1985. “K: A Presumed Case of Telekinesis.” International Journal of Psychosomatics 32/1: 3-21.

Shariff, A. F.; Norenzayan, A. 2007. “God is watching you: Priming God concepts increases prosocial behavior in an anonymous economic game.” Psychological Science 18/9 (September).

Shermer, Michael. 2002. Why People Believe Weird Things: Pseudoscience, Superstition, and Other Confusions of Our Time, revised and expanded ed. New York: Henry Holt.

Shiloh, Ailon. 1981. Faith Healing: The Religious Experience as a Therapeutic Process. Springfield, IL: Thomas.

Smart, Ninian. 1996. Dimensions of the Sacred: An Anatomy of the World’s Beliefs. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Smith, Huston. 1992. Forgotten Truth: The Common Vision of the World’s Religions, 2nd ed. 1st ed., 1965. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco.

Smith, Huston. 1999. Cleansing the Doors of Perception: The Religious Significance of Entheogenic Plants and Chemicals. Putnam.

Sosis, R. 2003. “Why aren’t we all Hutterites? Costly signaling theory and religious behavior.” Human Nature 14: 91-127.

Sosis, R. 2004. “The adaptive value of religious ritual.” American Scientist 92: 166-172.

Sosis, R.; Alcorta, C. S. 2003. “Signaling, solidarity and the sacred: The evolution of religious behavior.” Evolutionary Anthropology 12: 264-274.

Sosis, R.; Ruffle, B. 2003. “Religious ritual and cooperation: Testing for a relationship on Israeli religious and secular Kibbutzim.” Current Anthropology 44: 713-722.

Sosis, R.; Ruffle, B. 2004. “Ideology, religion, and the evolution of cooperation: Field experiments on Israeli Kibbutzim.” Research in Economic Anthropology 23: 87-115.

Sperber, Dan. 1996. Explaining Culture: A Naturalistic Approach. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Spilka, B.; Hood, R., Jr.; Hunsberger, B.; Gorsuch, R. 2003. The Psychology of Religion: An Empirical Approach. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

St-Pierre, L. S.; Persinger, M. A. 2006. “Experimental facilitation of the sensed presence is predicted by the specific patterns of the applied magnetic fields, not by suggestibility: Re-analyses of 19 experiments.” International Journal of Neuroscience 116/9: 1079-1096.

Stace, Walter T. 1960. Mysticism and Philosophy. Philadelphia: Lippincott.

Stark, Rodney. 1965. “A taxonomy of religious experience.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 5: 97-116.

Stenger, Victor J. 2007. God: The Failed Hypothesis. How Science Shows that God Does Not Exist. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books.

Strassman, Rick J. 1996. “Human psychopharmacology of N,N-dimethyltryptamine.” Behavioral and Brain Research 73/1-2: 121-124.

Strassman, Rick J. 2001. DMT: The Spirit Molecule: A Doctor’s Revolutionary Research into the Biology of Near-Death and Mystical Experiences. Rochester, Vermont: Park Street Press.

Strieber, Whitley; Strieber, Anne (eds.). 1997. The Communion Letters. HarperPrism.

Swinburne, Richard 1979. The Existence of God. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Szára, Stephen. 1989. “The Social Chemistry of Discovery: The DMT story.” Social Pharmacology 3: 237-248.

Taylor, Barbara Brown. 1998. When God is Silent. Cambridge, MA: Cowley Publications.

Teresa of Avila. 1979. The Interior Castle. The Classics of Western Spirituality. Mahwah: Paulist Press.

Teske, J. 1996. “The Spiritual Limits of Neuropsychological Life.” Zygon 31/2: 209-234.

Thalbourne, Michael A; Delin, Peter S. 1994. “A Common Thread Underlying Belief in the Paranormal, Creative Personality, Mystical Experience and Psychopathology.” Journal of Parapsychology 58: 3-38.

Thalbourne, Michael A; Delin, Peter S. 1999. “Transliminality: Its Relation to Dream Life, Religiosity, and Mystical Experience.” International Journal for the Psychology of Religion 9: 35-43.

Tillich, Paul. 1952. The Courage to Be. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Tsang, E.W.; Koren, S.A.; Persinger, Michael A.. 2004. “Electrophysiological and quantitative electroencephalographic measurements after treatment by transcerebral magnetic fields generated by compact disc through a computer sound card: the Shakti treatment.” International Journal of Neuroscience 114/8 (Aug 2004): 1013-1024.

Tucker, David; Novelly, Robert; Walker, Preston. 1987. “Hyperreligiosity in temporal lobe epilepsy: Redefining the relationship.” Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 175: 181-184.

Twiss, Sumner B.; Consser, Jr., Walter H. (eds.). 1992. Experience of the Sacred: Readings in the Phenomenology of Religion. Hanover, New Hampshire: Brown University Press.

Tyler, Edward Burnett. 1874. Primitive Cultures: Researches into the Development of Mythology, Philosophy, Religion, Art, and Custom, 2 vols. London: Murray.

Tymieniecka, Anna-Teresa (ed.). 1994. From the Sacred to the Divine: A New Phenomenological Approach. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Ullman, Chana. 1989. The Transformed Self: The Psychology of Religious Conversion. New York: Plenum Press.

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